Rugs from Pakistan
The origins of rug production in Pakistan can be traced back to the 1500s, when craftsmen from Persia were brought to the country to create masterpieces for the Akbar Shah. These factories produced rugs for Pakistani and Persian royalty, using fine quality wool that is woven in a double knot and dyes derived from vegetation. As a result, designs and techniques of traditional rug making were originally quite similar to those that hailed from Iran. These rugs are also known as Pak-Persian.
With time, however, other influences were gradually introduced. While Persian style rugs dominate, other styles created by Pakistani weavers include those that are classified as Turkoman, a style of rug produced by nomads of in a part of Iran, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, as well as Caucasian, a style that is produced by tribal weavers in Georgia, Armenia and other countries in the area near the Caucasus Mountains. Caucasian rugs are known for their geometric shapes and colourful palette.
Turkoman rugs, also known as Bokhara rugs, are known for the prevailing use of dark reddish dyes, dominate geometric patterns and the gul motif. The gul is a medaillion that is a flower-like design believed to be a variation of the floral design that appears in traditional rugs from Persia. The material used is a high quality wool that results in a thick and lush rug. If one style of rug had to be selected to represent the traditional Pakistani style, it would be the Bokhara.
Neighbouring India has also influenced Pakistani rug making, prior to WWII when the two countries were united as one. Following the seperation of Pakistan from India, rug production gradually declined until the industry was rejuvenated by government support. Today, Pakistan is considered one of the largest rug making centres in the world, hand making rugs mainly for export.